Keynote Speech by Comrade Lal Singh, General Secretary, Communist Ghadar Party of India, 4th November 2017
On 7th November, which was 25th October in the Russian calendar of that time, the revolutionary workers, soldiers and sailors stormed the Winter Palace and arrested the representatives of the Provisional Government. They occupied the Ministries, the State Bank as well as the railway stations, post and telegraph offices. Led by the Bolshevik Party, the working class captured political power in Russia. It shook the entire world. It struck terror in the hearts of the capitalists of all countries.
The Communist Ghadar Party of India marked the centenary of the Great October Revolution with a 2-day party conference on the subject of The Great October Revolution – 100 years, in New Delhi on November 4-5. The Conference was attended by Party members from across the country from Manipur to Rajasthan and from Punjab to Kerala and Tamilnadu. The overwhelming participation of youth over the two days infused the deliberations with a lot of enthusiasm and vigour.
Around the world, across several countries, political meetings, marches and rallies, film shows and cultural events were held to celebrate the centenary of the Great October Revolution of 7th November 1917 with thousands of people coming out on the streets.
On Nov 7, 1917, revolutionary workers, soldiers and sailors took the Winter Palace by storm and arrested the Provisional Government. The armed uprising in Petrograd had won.
Produced below are the call to all Russian citizens from the Revolutionary Military Committee and a Report on the Tasks of Soviet Power and Resolution passed at the Meeting of The Petrograd Soviet of Workers' And Soldiers' Deputies.
The Central Committee of the Communist Ghadar Party of India salutes the Desh Bhagat Yaadgaar Committee for dedicating this year’s Ghadari mela to the Great October Revolution.
No communist can ever forget that the Hindustan Ghadar Party was the first revolutionary political party of Indians. Just like the Bolshevik Party, the Ghadar Party had an irreconcilable attitude towards imperialism, the bourgeoisie and the capitalist state.
The great October Revolution in Russia has been the greatest victory for the working class in the era of modern capitalism and is a great inspiration for the working class today. The lessons of the Russian Revolution will always be a beacon for communists now and in the future. The article gives the history of the period just before the Revolution took place as well as the events that allowed the watershed revolution.
The supression of the Kornilov-led revolt clearly showed that the tide of revolution was rising. There ensued a period of bolshevistation. Factories, mills and military units held new elections and sent to the Soviets representatives of the Bolshevik Party in place of the Mensheviks and Socialist Revolutionaries.The Petrograd and Moscow Soviets went over to the Bolsheviks, forcing the resignation of the Mensheviks and Socialist Revolutionaries.
On November 7, Red Guards and revolutionary troops occupied the railway stations, post office, telegraph office, the Ministries and the State Bank. The Pre-parliament was dissolved. The cruiser Aurora trained its guns on the Winter Palace, and their thunder ushered in a new era, the era of the Great Socialist Revolution.
Suppression of General Kornilov’s plot against the revolution and increasing influence of the Bolsheviks
The Russian bourgeoisie, having seized all powers in the July days, began its preparations to destroy the now weakened Soviets and to set up an open counter-revolutionary dictatorship. Representatives of the bourgeoisie declared the ‘death’ of the Soviets while at the war-front severe courts-martial were held to avenge the revolt of the soldiers and death sentences meted out wholesale. On August 3, 1917, General Kornilov, the Commander-in-Chief of the army, demanded the introduction of the death penalty behind the battle lines as well.
The July demonstrations and their immediate aftermath represented a turning point in the revolution in Russia. The dual power came to an end. The whole power passed into the hands of the Provisional Government, while the Soviets, with their Socialist-Revolutionary and Menshevik leaders, had become an appendage of the Provisional Government. The peaceful period of the revolution had ended.
November 7 is the anniversary of the Great October Revolution in Russia. On this day, for the first time in the history of mankind, the working class overthrew the rule of the bourgeoisie and established its own state power, the state of the dictatorship of the proletariat.
For more than 100 years, the 1st of May has come to symbolise the united struggle of the international working class against the capitalist system. When workers anywhere rally together and raise the red flag on this day – whether at the gates of their factory, on the streets of their cities, or across their countries – they are part of the international army of the proletariat.
This document, What Kind of Party?, was presented by
Comrade Lal Singh on behalf of the Central Committee
of the Communist Ghadar Party of India to the Second
National Consultative Conference held December 29-30, 1993.
The first part of this pamphlet is an analysis of facts and phenomena to identify and expose the real aims behind the Note Ban. The second part is devoted to a critical appraisal of the government’s claims that it will reduce inequality, corruption and terrorism. The third part is what Communist Ghadar Party believes is the real solution to these problems and the immediate program of action towards that solution.