Political-Economy

Ayushman Bharat Health Insurance Scheme : Ensuring profits of big monopoly corporates in the health and insurance sector

Prime Minister Narendra Modi formally launched the Ayushman Bharat-National Health Protection Scheme (AB-NHPS) from Jharkhand on 23rd September. Ayushman Bharat is being promoted as the world’s largest government funded health care program. The first phase of this program will be implemented from 2018-2022. The main initiatives under this scheme are the setting up of Health and Wellness Centers all over the country and the National Health Insurance Scheme, now named the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY). The National Health Agency (NHA) will be the government body in charge of implementing the entire Ayushman Bharat Scheme.

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Powerful protests all across India against arrest of human rights activists

arrest of human rights activistsThe August 28 raids by the police on the homes of human rights activists in many cities accompanied by arrests of five prominent activists has aroused a storm of protests all across the country. All sections of the people have condemned the government for the raids and arrests and the disinformation campaign being carried out against the arrested activists. Reports of protest actions have come in from different regions of the country.

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Wealth at one pole and poverty at the other pole

Our rulers boast about India’s high rate of economic growth. However, the growth of wealth is concentrated in very few hands. It is accompanied by widespread and growing poverty and misery among the toiling majority of people. On 13th July it was reported that Mukesh Ambani, head of Reliance Industries, became the richest capitalist of Asia. His wealth increased from US$ 31.3 billion (Rs. 200,000 crore) in 2017 to US$ 44.3 billion (Rs. 300,000 crore) in 2018, an increase of 50 per cent in just one year. Two weeks later came the report of the death of three girls due to starvation in the capital city of Delhi. This is what rapid capitalist development has delivered – monopoly super profits and wealth for a few dozen big capitalists and pauperisation of the toiling majority.
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Privatisation is no solution to the banking crisis

In the context of the Non-Performing Assets (NPAs), or bad loans, of the biggest banks in the country having crossed Rs. 10,00,000 crore, various spokesmen of the capitalist class have been escalating the propaganda that privatization is the way out of the banking crisis. However, some of the latest developments expose the fallacy of this prescription.

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Proposed changes in labour laws – pro-capitalist and anti-worker

The capitalist class and its spokesmen have set the agenda of implementing various changes in laws and policies governing the conditions of employment of wage labour, all with the aim of improving the “ease of doing business”. The performance of every party that takes charge of the government, at the centre and in the states, is being measured by how much it improves the profitable environment for capitalist corporations, Indian and foreign.

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Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) – crop insurance scheme: Protecting peasants or enriching insurance companies?

thumbnailPeasants in Tamilnadu, like their brothers in other states, are on the warpath. Faced with dire drought conditions, the failure of the crop insurance scheme dashed all their hopes of getting any compensation.

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Cambridge Analytica controversy: Ensuring electoral outcomes best suited to the interests of the big monopoly capitalist class

The news media has been carrying out 24X7 coverage of the alleged use by Cambridge Analytica, a British company, of personal data of millions of Facebook users to influence elections in favour of political parties which buy their services.

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Deepening crisis of the banking system – what is the cause and what is the solution?

ThumbnailThe scandal involving the Punjab National Bank, numerous other Indian banks and diamond businessmen Nirav Modi and Mehul Choksi has once again brought the crisis of the banking system to the centre-stage of public debate.

The ruling class wants to exploit this particular scandal which involves public sector banks to push the erroneous and dangerous notion that privatization is the way to lift the banking system out of crisis. As far as the working class and broad masses of people are concerned, the problem is that both public and private banks are not fulfilling the function which the people expect from them. They are not protecting the hard-earned savings which people have deposited with them. Far from protecting such deposits, banks are colluding with capitalist profiteers to loot the people!

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Financial Resolution and Deposit Insurance Bill

After enacting a law to deal with insolvency and bankruptcy of non-financial companies in Dec 2016 (Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016) and creating a regulator, Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India, the Modi government has now proposed a bill to deal with the failure of financial institutions, Financial Resolution and Deposit Insurance Bill, 2017 (FRDI Bill).
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Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code – pro-capitalist, anti-worker and anti-social

The IBC process is yet another method devised to enable monopoly capitalists to legally loot workers and the public at large. The IBC will lead to further monopolization and concentration of wealth. Many jobs too will be lost as the acquiring capitalist will use the bad financial condition of the acquired company as the pretext to reduce number of workers and increase their workload.
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Protests against secret RCEP trade negotiations

ThumbnailThe regional comprehensive economic partnership (rcep) held its19th round of negotiations between 18th-28th july in hyderabad. The RCEP was set up in 2002. It is a forum of16 countries, to negotiate their mutual terms of trade, i.e. how much of the trade between them should be free of barriers like import duties, etc. The Partnership includes the10 countries of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) – Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Laos, Cambodia, Brunei, Myanmar and Philippines and six other countries – Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand and South Korea, who have entered into trade agreements with the ASEAN.

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Government refuses to disclose names of capitalist defaulters

On 17th April, the Central Government handed over a list of the biggest loan defaulters to the Supreme Court. That list includes the names of all big capitalist companies which owe more than Rs 500 crore each to banks. Both the Government of India and the Reserve Bank claim that the names of these top defaulters must be kept hidden from the public, allegedly to protect the “economic interest of the country”. The Supreme Court has agreed to this.

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Money bills

Sir,

I am writing to thank you for carrying the article entitled `Bypassing of Rajya Sabha to push the monopoly capitalist agenda' in the April 16-30, 2017 issue of MEL, which is a detailed report on 5 bills tabled in the Lok Sabha during March as "money bills".

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Solution to the banking crisis lies in socialisation, not privatisation

The crisis facing banks in India has been brewing for some years now. A large and growing share of the outstanding loans extended by commercial banks has turned into bad loans or Non-Performing Assets (NPAs). Any loan for which the principal or interest payment has remained overdue for a period of 90 days or more is called NPA. It is a loan which the borrower is not paying back as agreed.

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GDP and the Fruits of Labour

The capitalist class and its economic experts talk as if the rate of growth in GDP is the indicator of the economic health of the country. However, life experience shows that growth in GDP does not guarantee improvement in the standard of living of the workers, peasants, artisans and others who toil to produce the GDP.

Crores of workers become poorer whenever the movement in their wages lag behind the rate of increase in the prices of consumption articles. It makes no difference to them whether GDP has grown by 5% or by 10%.

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Union Budget 2017-18

Fulfilling capitalist greed by further robbing the people

Finance Minister Jaitley presented the Union Budget for 2017-18 as being a pro-poor and pro-peasant budget. However, the real agenda is to enhance capitalist profits through a number of tax, expenditure and policy measures.

Measures to fulfil Capitalist Greed

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Truth and lies about the tax system in our country

The Finance Minister and other official spokesmen and ideologues of the capitalist class deliberately hide and distort the reality that it is workers, peasants and other working people who produce the wealth which the capitalists and landlords appropriate, and that the State robs the working people even further through massive and ever increasing burden of taxes.

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Payment banks to rob the public

The first payment bank, a joint venture between Airtel and Kotak Mahindra Bank, was launched with much fanfare by the Union Finance Minister on 12th January. A look at the schedule of charges for various transactions at the bank tells us why and for whose benefit digital payment is being promoted by the Government of India.

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A grave situation for the people of Manipur

Since November 1, 2016, that is for nearly two and half months, the people of Manipur are facing the consequences of an economic blockade that has been imposed on them.

There is complete disruption of normal life. Both the National Highways that connect Manipur and its capital Imphal to the rest of India have been blocked off. The international trade via Myanmar has come to a virtual halt. Thousands of trucks carrying essential commodities are stuck at different places on the highways.

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No to PM’s “charity”! We demand our rights

Following the announcement of demonetization of Rs.500 and Rs.1000 notes, the working people in the cities and rural areas have been facing acute hardship. Lakhs of workers have lost their jobs and peasants are facing a threat to their livelihood. On New Year’s Eve, the PM announced amidst much fanfare, a set of measures in an attempt to pacify the mounting anger of the people and to make a show that the cash deposited in the banks following the 8th November announcement is being applied for the welfare of the people.

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An International Partnership for Cashless Payments

The Note Ban announced by Prime Minister Modi on 8th November is part of a global strategy to make people pay for the banking crisis caused by big corporate defaulters in several countries. This strategy is clearly reflected in a recent Report from Global Research. The Report traces the collaboration between the Indian and US states in the matter of financial management of the economy.

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Cut in gas subsidies

Protest movement by workers grows in Mexico

On December 27, 2016 the Mexican administration announced a cut to gas subsidies which came into effect from January 1, 2017. Called the “Gasolinazo”, this move resulted in a steep rise in the price of standard petrol by 20 percent to 15.99 pesos (75 cents) a litre.

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Oppose the Privatisation of Indian Railways!

There has been a lot of talk in the last couple of years that the Government of India is going to privatize the railways. Shortly after the Modi government took power, it appointed the Bibek Debroy Committee in September 2014 to give recommendations on “improving the finances and functioning” of the Indian Railways. The committee gave its report in June 2015.

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Condemn the reduction in Provident Fund interest rate

The Central Board of Trustees (CBT) of the Employees Provident Fund Organization (EPFO) has announced its decision to reduce interest rates for Employees Provident Fund from 8.8% to 8.65%. This will be applicable for the current year 2016-2017, once it is approved by the Central government.

This reduction in the Provident Fund interest rate is an attack on the savings of crores of workers. It is estimated that there are about 4 crore active EPF accounts. These workers will now earn less on their savings.

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Three Day Rail Vikas Shivir (Camp) organised by Indian Railways at Surajkund, Haryana, from November 18th - 20th 2016 to promote priviatisation of Indian Railways

The Indian Railways (IR) organised a massive campaign over the last three months beginning September 2016, ostensibly with the purpose of getting suggestions from its 13 lakh workforce on how to improve the functioning of the Railways. 75,000 staff members gave over 150,000 suggestions and the best of these were to be selected and discussed at the 3 day shivir. Only delegates from the recognised trade unions, NFIR and AIFR were allowed to attend.

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Protest by bank employees

The work load on bank employees has been increasing with each day on account of the demonetization move by the government, and they have been working day and night. In such a situation, Prime Minister Modi, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley and the Reserve Bank have been accusing the bank employees of declaring to the public that they do not have enough money for them to withdraw, despite the bank having sufficient funds; the bank employees have been accused of siphoning crores of rupees to their favoured clients.

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Meeting of Communist and Left parties at Parliament in opposition to demonetization

A rally was organised on 28th November by the Delhi State Commitees of seven communist and left parties - CPI, CPI(M), CPI(M-L) Liberation, Communist Ghadar Party of India, SUCI (Communist), All India Forward Bloc and Revolutionary Socialist Party. The rally marched from Mandi House to Jantar Mantar against demonetisation.

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Panel discussion on the legal aftermath of 1984 and the way forward

An intense and wide-ranging panel discussion on the “Legal aftermath of 1984 and the way forward” was organised in Delhi by the Sikh Forum on November 1, 2016 – the 32nd anniversary of one of the most dreadful genocides in recent times – the anti-Sikh pogroms of 1984. It was part of a series of events being organised by the Lok Raj Sangathan, the Sikh Forum and other organisations to keep up the demand for punishing those guilty of organising the carnage in 1984.

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Panel discussion on the legal aftermath of 1984 and the way forward

An intense and wide-ranging panel discussion on the “Legal aftermath of 1984 and the way forward” was organised in Delhi by the Sikh Forum on November 1, 2016 – the 32nd anniversary of one of the most dreadful genocides in recent times – the anti-Sikh pogroms of 1984. It was part of a series of events being organised by the Lok Raj Sangathan, the Sikh Forum and other organisations to keep up the demand for punishing those guilty of organising the carnage in 1984.

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India’s global ranking in malnutrition – an indictment of the ruling bourgeois class and its anti-social program

The recently released Global Hunger Index (GHI) by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) once again exposes the very tragic condition of our people. India has been ranked a low 97th among the 118 countries surveyed in the 2016 Global Hunger Index (GHI).

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Environmental concerns neglected in the name of “ease of doing business”

According to news reports, three mining and hydel projects have been given approval earlier this year, by the Forest Advisory Committee (FAC) of the environment ministry of the central government, in areas in the vicinity of wildlife zones, including a tiger and an elephant habitat. This has greatly agitated activists working for conservation of wildlife and the people living in those areas.

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House to house searches and arrests in Baramulla, Kashmir

Condemn the continuing reign of terror against the Kashmiri people!

The Central government is continuing on the course of trying to crush the revolt of the Kashmiri people against state terrorism and for their national rights by brute force. This is clear from the fact that the armed forces of the Indian state have escalated their reign of terror on the people of Kashmir. They have viciously targeted entire areas of various towns, in the name of catching “militants”. This can be seen from the experience of the people of Baramulla town.

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Rafale aircraft deal

Biggest Indian monopoly capitalists benefit from "Make in India" program

Media sources have recently revealed that Anil Ambani-led Reliance Defence has been chosen as French monopoly defence manufacturer Dassault Aviation’s Indian strategic partner. The joint venture which was formed over a year ago with the acquisition of Pipavav Defence, will “be a key player in the execution of offset obligations” arising from the recent purchase of 36 Rafale fighter jets. The Dassault JV will represent its first, official and major defence order.

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The Cauvery water dispute:

The Indian state is responsible for the deliberate inflaming of passions

The first two weeks of September witnessed large scale arson, violence, and destruction in several areas of Karnataka, including many parts of Bengaluru city as well as in parts of Tamilnadu. In Karnataka, Shops and establishments with Tamil names were attacked and destroyed, and trucks, buses and other motor vehicles bearing TN registration numbers were set on fire. On the other side of the border, people from Karnataka were mobbed, their shops and businesses vandalized.

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Arunachal Pradesh

Indictment of multi-party parliamentary democracy

On 16th September, the Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh Pema Khandu and 42 MLAs of the Congress party in Arunachal Pradesh walked out of the Congress Party and joined the People’s Party of Arunachal (PPA). Only one MLA – NabamTuki, the previous Chief Minister, remained in the Congress Party.

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Whose interests will GST serve?

Modi dishes out one more lie to the people

The Goods and Services Tax Bill that amends the constitution to enable the GST reform was passed in the Lok Sabha on August 8, 2016. It was earlier passed by the Rajya Sabha. The bill will now be sent to state assemblies for ratification. A few states have already begun ratifying the same, and the government hopes to start implementation from April 2017.

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Gujarat land acquisition bill passed

Furthering the interests of the big monopoly capitalists

The Gujarat Land Acquisition Bill, which was passed in the Gujarat Assembly on March 31, received Presidential assent on August 8. Named the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Gujarat Amendment) Bill, 2016,this bill amends many of the terms and conditions of the Central Land Acquisition Act introduced by the UPA government in 2013. It is expected to be implemented from August 15, according to the government announcement.

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Justifying state terrorism in the name of “combatting terror”

Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh recently announced that the Central government is working on a plan to provide legal protection to security agencies such as the IB and the National Investigation Agency (NIA), which conduct undercover operations on “suspected terrorist organisations”. At a conference of officials of the Intelligence Bureau and other investigating agencies, the Home Minister is reported to have said that “The government is committed to punishing terrorists.

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Massive country-wide strike by bank workers paralyses bank operations

Eight to ten lakh bank workers struck work for one day on 29th July 2016 to oppose the Central Government's plan for merger and divestment of public sector banks. Banking operations came to a grinding halt on the 29th throughout the country as bank workers of many old generation private sector banks and foreign bank workers joined the public sector banks workers.

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32 years after Operation Blue Star:

Condemn the fascist attack of the Indian state on the people of Sikh faith!

The brutal attack by the armed forces of the Indian state on the Golden Temple – the holy shrine of the Sikhs – on June 6, 1984, was condemned at a public meeting organized by Lok Raj Sangathan in New Delhi on June 5, 2016. The hall was filled to more than capacity. A large number of youth and students were present.

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No justification for state terrorism in Mathura

According to news reports, on 2nd June, the Uttar Pradesh police launched an operation to clear a government park in Mathura of a group of encroachers. Twenty seven people died during this action, including five women and two children. Two police officers also died during the action. A large number of men, women and children received injuries, many grievous. Hundreds of women and men have been taken into police custody.

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Haryana Assembly amends labor laws in favor of capitalists

Workers cutting across party and trade union affiliation have begun a militant united campaign against the savage attack launched by the Haryana government on the rights of workers. The Haryana Government has passed a series of amendments to labour laws that have far reaching impact on the rights of labor. They are blatantly anti worker and pro capitalist.

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Union Budget 2016-17

Aligning government finances with the drive of monopoly capital to maximise exploitation and plunder

The presentation of the Union Budget in Parliament, which takes place on the last day of February every year, is an exercise in massive deception. While the budget is a tool to plan the central government’s annual expenditure, revenues and borrowing program, its real content is never presented honestly to the public. Every government tries its best to hide the fact that it is a management team for the biggest capitalists of the country. Every Finance Minister tries to cover up the fact that the annual budget is a tool to align government finances with the drive of monopoly capitalists to maximise the degree of exploitation of labour, robbery of peasants and plunder of natural resources of the people of India.

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The new crop insurance scheme

On January 13th 2016, the Union Cabinet approved the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY). This is the latest crop insurance scheme in the country. It replaces the existing schemes viz. the National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS) and the Modified National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (MNAIS). The scheme will come into effect on 1st April 2016.

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Floods in Tamilnadu

Callous attitude of successive governments

The recent floods in Chennai were not the result of a natural disaster as is being made out by the Tamil Nadu government. Neither is it true that the government has done its best to protect the people from such disasters.

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WTO treaty on higher education

Another boost to privatisation of higher education

Teachers of universities and colleges across the country are opposing a World Trade Organisation treaty on higher education, which they feel the Indian government, together with governments of other member countries, will be under pressure to sign, at the upcoming WTO's 10th ministerial meeting in Nairobi, scheduled from December 15 to

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Meeting against Communal Violence organised in Gohana, Haryana

The continuously growing communal violence poses a big challenge to the revolutionary movement of workers and peasants. Why are communalism and the incidents of communal violence growing? What is their source? How can they be stopped? It is absolutely necessary today to take up these questions for discussion to respond to the call of the times to correctly lead the worker-peasant movement to deal with communalism.

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Increase in insurance FDI cap is anti-social

The Insurance Laws (Amendment) Bill was passed by the Rajya Sabha on 12th March 2015. With this, the cap on foreign direct investment (FDI) in the insurance sector has been raised to 49% from 26% hitherto. At the same time, FDI in pension funds will also get raised to 49% since the Pension Fund Regulatory Bill links the FDI in the pension sector to that in the insurance sector.

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India needs a new Constitution

Progressive and patriotic Indians organise meetings in Britain

The Indian Workers Association (Great Britain) and Ghadar International organised meetings in Britain on the occasion of the 65th anniversary of the declaration of the present Indian Republic. These meetings were held in Ilford on January 31, 2015 and in Southall on February 1, 2015 respectively.

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Issue of land acquisition

The country’s wealth belongs to the people, not to the bourgeoisie

The Union Cabinet of the Bharitya Janata Party (BJP) -led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government passed an ordinance on 29th December 2014 to amend the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act of 2013.

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FDI in Insurance Sector

The two main parties of the ruling class, BJP and Congress, are fully in favour of further privatising and opening up the Insurance Sector to foreign capital. It is the working class which has been vigorously opposing this course. The main aim of the privatisation of insurance and pension sector is to provide access to Indian and foreign bourgeoisie to the huge savings of people accumulated in the form of insurance funds and pension funds. The big bourgeoisie wants to control this massive capital, as well as expand it. Foreign insurance giants have the same interests. Increasing the FDI limit in insurance is aimed at joint exploitation of the insecurities of the people by the parasites of finance capital.

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Why is food price inflation so high in our country?

What is the solution?

Persistently high food price inflation is a sign that the capital-centric orientation of the economy is incompatible with providing even the most basic necessities for all.  The solution lies in reorienting the economy by bringing social production under social control.  Only by putting an end to the anarchy of capitalism and the domination of profiteers over the market is it possible to ensure adequate availability of nutritious food for all, alongside a stable and secure livelihood to all those who till the land. The solution lies in establishing the control of workers and peasants over the production, procurement, trade and distribution of essential commodities, eliminating the space for private profiteers in this sphere of the economy.

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Rail budget 2014-15

Rail Minister Sings the Mantra of Privatisation of Railways

The Budget for 2014-2015 of the Indian railways, presented by the Railway Minister Shri Sadanand Gowda represents the continuation of the course of privatization of the railways reflected in the budgets presented by the railway ministers of the UPA government.

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Language controversy revived:

Divisive and diversionary tactics

The ruling class is geared up to push ahead full steam with capitalist reforms. The new government has lost no time in announcing measures that have gladdened the hearts of the big bourgeoisie, while stepping up the exploitation and oppression of the working class and people.

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Leaflet issued by the Indian Workers' Association of Great Britain

Join the Demonstration in Hyde Park, London

Condemn Indian Army’s ‘Operation Blue Star’ 1984

Mark the 30th Anniversary of Sikh Genocide!

Demand justice for the people of Punjab and the rest of India!

On 6th June, 1984, tanks, mortars, missiles and sophisticated guns roared in a pre-planned concerted operation to crush the ‘enemy’.

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Unite against the targeting of migrant workers by the capitalist state

During the election campaign for the Lok Sabha, Prime Minister designate Narendra Modi made a number of speeches in West Bengal and Assam threatening to deport "illegal Bangladeshi immigrants" when BJP came to power. He is neither the first nor the last political leader of India to target Bengali Muslims in India.

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Interim Rail budget

Road map to privatisation of railways further unveiled

Presenting the interim rail budget for 2014-2015 to the Lok Sabha, Rail minister Mallikarjun Kharge said "I firmly believe that Indian Railways is primarily a commercial organization and it must operate in a financially self-sustaining manner.

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Struggle for a universal pension

Recently on 23rd January the Finance Ministry has cleared a proposal to guarantee a minimum monthly pension of Rs. 1000 under the Employees Pension Scheme 1995, managed by the Provident Fund Organisation. To commence this pension plan of Rs. 1000 per month from the beginning of 2014-15, the government has allocated Rs. 1,217 crore of additional subsidy.

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The Indian Union stifles the aspirations of the people of Mizoram

Mizoram is one of the states scheduled to have elections to the legislative assembly in the current phase, on November 25. It has had a Congress government under Lalthanhawla since 2003. Other parties contesting the polls include the Mizo National Front, the Zoram Nationalist Party and the Mizoram People’s Conference.

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Elections in Chhattisgarh

This democracy and this Union needs urgent deep-going transformation

Elections to the Chhattisgarh state assembly are being conducted in two phases on 11th and 19th November. The monopoly media, reflecting the interests of the biggest monopolies, is viewing the elections in Chhattisgarh through the prism of how it will impact the General Elections in 2014.

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Continued violation of human rights in Kashmir

The Prime Minister and his Party colleagues, as well as the leaders of the opposition never refrain from talking about Jammu and Kashmir as being an integral part of India, and blaming Pakistan for the violence in Kashmir. However the attitude of the Indian state to the people of Kashmir has not been one of treating them as a colonial or imperial power would treat its subjects.

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Steep fall in the Rupee — consequence of integration with the imperialist system

There has been a lot of noise in recent weeks about the external exchange value of the Rupee, which has fallen by nearly 10 percent in the last one month and nearly 20 percent since April 2013. The prices of imported goods have risen and this has had a cascading effect on prices across the spectrum of commodities.

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Pension Reforms Bill

Violation of the right of working people

The Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) Bill 2011 is one of the Bills planned to be tabled in the monsoon session of Parliament in August 2013. The proposed reform to the pension regime in the country has been debated hotly.

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Growing fascisation

Shortly after it was first revealed that the US National Security Agency was using its enormous technological resources to spy on computer and telecommunication networks and gather billions of pieces of information from countries all over the world, including India, more revelations of this nature have come to light.

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LARR bill draft

Paving the way for accelerated loot and plunder of people’s assets

The UPA government is claiming that it finally has achieved an “all-party consensus” on the proposed new land acquisition bill, titled the Right to Fair Compensation, Resettlement, Rehabilitation and Transparency in Land Acquisition Bill, 2011.

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Union Budget 2013-14

Delivering maximum profits for capitalist corporations and bitter medicine for the workers and peasants

The Finance Minister of the UPA government, Shri.P. Chidambaram, while presenting the 2013-14 budget on 28thFebruary said, “Faced with a huge fiscal deficit, I had no choice but to rationalise expenditure. We took a dose of bitter medicine.”

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An appeal to men and women of conscience

We, the undersigned, note that this Budget session of the Lok Sabha is being convened at a critical moment in the history of India. The blood of thousands of innocent victims of organised violence has not yet dried on the streets of Bombay, Surat, Delhi and other places, while lakhs have fled their homes, and returned penniless and destitute to the far corners of the country.

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The struggle to ensure justice, security and dignity for women has to be taken forward!

The Justice J.S. Verma Committee, which was constituted by the government following the brutal gang-rape and subsequent death of a 23 year old woman in New Delhi on December 16, 2012, and the nation-wide agitations that followed demanding that the government take stern steps to prevent crimes against women, released its recommendations on January 23, 2013.

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Goods and Service Tax (GST): Increasing burden on the working people

The proposal for the introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) has been hailed by the bourgeoisie. All the associations of big capitalists, CII, FICCI, ASSOCHAM are calling the implementation of GST as the most important and urgent ‘reform’ required by the country to speed up the slowing growth of GDP. They claim that it could add as much as 2.5% to GDP growth.

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Pension and Insurance Reforms

Swindling of people's money through Insurance and Pension "Reforms"

The second round of liberalisation measures came on October 4, with the announcement by the UPA government of hikes in the ceiling on foreign equity ownership from 26 to 49 per cent in the insurance sector and from nil to 49 percent in the pension fund industry.

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Himachal Pradesh assembly elections

People are seeking an alternative

Himachal Pradesh goes to the polls on November 4, 2012. On the surface, the contest is between the two main parties of the bourgeoisie, the Congress and the BJP. With well- oiled election machineries, money power, and the backing of the monopoly media, and promises aplenty to woo sections of the electorate, both these parties are pulling all stops.

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Workers in the auto industry — victims of ever increasing exploitation

In 2000-01, an auto worker spent 2 hours 12 minutes of an 8-hour shift working for his own subsistence and that of his family. He spent the remaining 5 hours and 48 minutes generating surplus for the capitalist. By 2009-10, the ratio had deteriorated: The auto worker now spent just 1 hour 12 minutes working for his own subsistence and that of his family, and the remaining 6 hours 48 minutes ensuring profits for the capitalist.

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Peasants getting ruined as the Central Government defends the capitalist traders headed by the monopoly corporations

While the Manmohan Sigh government and the Congress Party continue to pretend that they are working for the “aam aadmi”, both the working class and the peasantry are being impoverished and ruined at a rapid pace.

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Assembly elections: This system of democracy needs to be changed

The Assembly elections held in five states —Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Manipur and Goa – are over and new governments sworn in. In Uttar Pradesh, the Samajwadi Party has obtained an absolute majority and replaced the Bahujan Samaj Party in power. In Punjab the Akali Dal BJP combine has retained power. In Goa, the BJP has replaced the Congress.

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Martyr’s Day, 23 March 2012

Get Organised, Become the Rulers and Change the Society!

The youth of our country draw inspiration from Martyr’s Day. This was the day when revolutionaries Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev ascended the gallows, with a smile. They passed on the responsibility of fulfilling their mandate to the youth of our country. They were youths just like us.

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A year of growing opposition of the working masses of the world to imperialism, fascism and war

Contradictions have become increasingly visible between countries, nations and peoples fighting for their sovereignty and the dominant imperialist powers that are imposing their vision on every country. US imperialism has shown its readiness to wage wars to defend its dominant position and those of American multinational corporations. It has unleashed death and destruction in West Asia and North Africa already.

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Capitalist governments have no solution to the deepening economic crisis!

Recent data show that the rate of economic growth has turned negative in many advanced capitalist countries, while it is slowing down in all the others. Serious concern is being expressed by multilateral institutions like the World Bank and International Monetary Fund that the global recession may sink into a double-dip depression.

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“Austerity” and the Crisis of Democracy in Greece

Greece is considered to be the birthplace of European political thought, with the longest history of democratic forms of political power dating back to the stage of slave society. Today, in the early 21st century, the people of Greece are confronted with a State that openly places its duty to its external money-lenders above its duty to its own citizens.

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Mercy Petitions: The real culprits remain unpunished!

What is common in all three cases is that the courts, from the trial courts to the Supreme Court, passed political judgments based on concocted evidence by the state. The ruling class whipped up passions and the courts passed judgments accordingly. The court verdicts are a continuation of the policy of state terrorism unleashed by the Indian state against the people in these areas.

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Deteriorating conditions in Manipur

State and individual terrorism, parasitic extortion economy & all-round corruption

As has been noted in the Report of the 4th Congress of the Communist Ghadar Party of India, “Those waging guerilla warfare as part of a ‘protracted people’s war’ in the present period, when revolution is in ebb, are either compelled to give up arms or to become terrorist gangs.  Lack of mass support drives such underground parties and groups to use force to collect ‘taxes’ and ‘fines’ from the people, or carry out killings for a fee.  Rival capitalist parties use such groups to settle scores among themselves, and to destroy popular movements.”

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Opening up of retail trade to foreign giant corporations

The Government of India is trying to mislead the toiling majority of people by claiming that capitalist monopolies in retail will help to control food prices. The real objective of the monopolies is not to provide essential items at affordable prices but to reap maximum profits at the expense of the producers. The real aim of the government is to enable this to happen. It does not want to accept its responsibility of ensuring that the livelihood of producers is secured, that food is available to people at prices they can afford through efficiently managed procurement and distribution and not allowing trade in essential items to be a profit making activity.

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Liberalisation of Foreign Direct Investment : Opening the door wider to loot and plunder of our resources

The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry issued a "Consolidated Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Policy" effective April 1, 2011. This Policy is part of the on-going effort by the government to promote FDI by progressively removing restriction and reducing regulation of capital from abroad.

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Vigorous election campaign by People’s Candidate in Tamil Nadu

Unlike the candidates of bourgeois parties who were given a ticket by their party high commands, Com Wilson was selected by the people ‘s committees of Buthan Sandhai, Semgangkalai, Kadaiyalu Moodu, Kunjaluvelai, Paulkuzhi, Mukkutukal, Idikodu, Arumani and Vellangkodu, Devi codu, Northang Kalai, Mangkodu, Karodu, PaluKuzhi, KunjaluVillai, Mela Theru, Kulichal, Marapadi and Arumanai and other areas in the constituency.

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Call for a fundamental change in the system

Prakash Rao speaking at the Public Consultation on creating institutions under people controlIn a hard-hitting speech, Prakash Rao drew the attention of the audience to the manifold ills that have plagued the system of representative democracy in place in our country, over the last 65 years, and conclusively showed that the solution to the problems of the workers, peasants and toiling masses lies in bringing about a fundamental change in the political system, political process and institutions.

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On the occasion of the 80th anniversary of the martyrdom of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev The call of the martyrs to our youth is to struggle for a new India!

March 23 marks the anniversary of the martyrdom of Shaheed Bhagat Singh and his comrades Sukhdev and Rajguru, at the hands of the British colonial rulers. The call of our martyrs – that the struggle shall continue as long as a handful of exploiters, whether foreign or Indian, continue to exploit the toiling masses – rings in the hearts of our revolutionary youth even today.

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On the NAC Note on National Food Security Bill: No compromise on the demand for universal coverage of public food distribution!

The National Advisory Council (NAC), headed by Congress Party President Sonia Gandhi, has released an Explanatory Note on the proposed National Food Security Bill, and asked for comments on this note from all interested parties by 15th March.  This Explanatory Note is in support of a draft National Food Security Bill that would give conditional entitlements of fixed quantities of rice, wheat or coarse grains at subsidised prices to ‘priority’ and ‘general’ category households.

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France dock workers on strike

 

A large force of riot police was used in the French city of Marseille to break up a month-long strike by ferry workers protesting against planned cuts. They arrested 14 strikers who were blockading the Mediterranean city’s port in protest at plans to reduce summer crossings from Nice to Corsica. The workers bravely fought back by spraying police with water hoses. 

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The Karnataka crisis – opportunities and perils for the people

A serious crisis in the state of Karnataka has resulted in the sanctioning of prosecution of the Chief Minister Shri B. S. Yeddyurappa by the Governor Shri H. R. Bhardwaj in the case of allotment of prime land in and around Bangalore to his close relatives. The BJP has gone on the war path calling for a statewide bandh and accusing the Governor of being a Congress agent. They claim that his single point agenda is to eliminate the BJP Government and prepare conditions for a Congress Government.

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Government maneuvers over Food Security Bill: Only a modern universal public distribution system can guarantee the right to food!

The first meeting of an expert group on food took place on 3rd December, 2010. This expert group has been set up by the Prime Minister to examine the recommendations of the National Advisory Council (NAC) on the proposed National Food Security Bill.

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Who should bear the burden of ‘national’ debt?

Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee and bourgeois economists in general try to hide the connection between the rise in National Debt and the rise in economic burdens that are piling up on the backs of workers and peasants at this time. In fact, the rising national debt is one of the major factors, and a permanent one, leading to ever increasing burdens being imposed on the toiling people, in the form of higher taxes and prices of everything they need to buy in the market.

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Whose Games are these?

Imagine the US turning Washington DC into a large and dusty excavation site to greet the world as hosts of the international championships in kabaddi. Or picture China spending ten times its total sports budget on conducting a rugby championship, one of the few games the Chinese have not yet shown interest in.

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Making the people pay

Several new taxes were introduced in the state budget (March 2010) and again in May that have imposed a heavy burden on the working people. Noting the increase in expenditure on projects and schemes related to the CWG, the Delhi Minister for Finance, Dr.Walia said, "Our revenue collection through taxes has not been adequate due to recession. Therefore, it has become essential to look for measures to generate additional revenue to sustain development."

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Truths about the privatisation of power distribution

The Delhi Electricity Regulatory Commission is supposed to be an independent authority that sets the prices consumers have to pay for electric power in the national capital.  However, on 4th May, 2010, the Delhi Government issued a directive to the Commission not to issue the tariff order for 2010-11.  As a result, the privately owned distribution companies of the Tatas and Reliance are overcharging consumers to the extent of Rs.300 crore per month.  This has been stated in the most recent communication from the Chairman of DERC to the Chief Secretary of Delhi Government, who is also Principal Secretary for power.

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Intensification of degree of exploitation of workers in manufacturing

The total value produced by labour (GDP) during 2007/08 was Rs.40.4 lakh crore, according to the National Accounts Statistics (NSA). The working class received wages of Rs.13.1 lakh crore in 2007/08. Toiling peasants and other small producers received Rs.12.5 lakh crore as their net income. The bourgeois class, which does no work, earned income in the form of profit, interest and rent of Rs.14.9 lakh crore, or 37% of the total value produced in 2007/08.

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Capitalist system ensures maximum exploitation of the working class

Recently the Delhi Government announced an increase in the minimum wages effective 1st February 2010. As per the revised wages, the minimum monthly wage for an unskilled worker will be Rs. 5,278. This increase is the result of the persistent struggle of workers, trade unions and other organizations like the Mazdoor Ekta Committee.

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Glimpse of bourgeoisie’s militarization plans in world context

While dealing with India’s militarization, it must be kept in mind that the US is the worlds most heavily armed power, on all counts, with its armies deployed all over the world. Not only is it the most heavily armed power in the conventional and nuclear sense, it spends 9-12 times as much on military expenditure each year (US $ 515 trillion) as compared with the next set of countries ( France, China, UK, Germany, Japan, Russia, Italy) and 16 times as much as India, Saudi Arabia and Turkey, the second set of countries on the list, on military outlay.

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Pushing the privatisation program in the form of disinvestment

The privatisation program of the bourgeoisie has been given a fresh boost by the policy decisions announced by the Manmohan Singh government on 12th November, 2009. All central government public sector companies which have made profit in the last three years have been asked to get their shares listed on the stock exchange. Listing shares on the stock exchange means that parts of these companies will pass into private owners' hands.  Current regulations require that at least 10 percent of shares of a company must be privately owned for its shares to be listed.  Thus, the present government has initiated the process of privatisation of another 50 public sector companies.

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Meeting on the world economic crisis and its impact on India

A meeting on the world economic crisis and its impact on India was organised in Mullahpur village, near Ludhiana in Punjab on December 21, 2008. The Lok Kala Manch, an organisation dedicated to using folk cultural forms to enlighten the working people, had organised the meeting as part of the celebration of 20 years of its founding.

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Is there “no choice” except to throw workers out of jobs?

Capitalists are throwing workers out of jobs in one sector after another. In India, lakhs of workers in export oriented industries have lost their jobs as exports are falling sharply. Domestic demand has also fallen for a number of goods like automobiles, steel, cement, TVs, refrigerators, etc. Factories are cutting back the level of production.

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Privatisation Phase 2: Government declares monopoly bourgeoisie’s interests as supreme

In the last week of December, following an extraordinary meeting of the Cabinet Committee on Disinvestment, it was announced that the remaining 26% shares of Modern Foods, currently held by the Government of India, will be handed over to Hindustan Lever Limited (HLL) in January 2002, a year ahead of schedule.

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PARTY DOCUMENTS

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This document, What Kind of Party?, was presented by
Comrade Lal Singh on behalf of the Central Committee
of the Communist Ghadar Party of India to the Second
National Consultative Conference held December 29-30, 1993.

Click on the cover image to download the PDF

 

Click to Download PDFThe first part of this pamphlet is an analysis of facts and phenomena to identify and expose the real aims behind the Note Ban. The second part is devoted to a critical appraisal of the government’s claims that it will reduce inequality, corruption and terrorism. The third part is what Communist Ghadar Party believes is the real solution to these problems and the immediate program of action towards that solution.

(Click thumbnail to download PDF)

These Elections are a FarceInterview with Comrade Lal Singh, General Secretary of Communist Ghadar Party of India by Comrade Chandra Bhan, Editor of Mazdoor Ekta Lehar

(Click thumbnail to download PDF)

Manifesto 2014Unite around the program to reconstitute the Indian Republic and reorient the economy to ensure prosperity and protection for all!

(Click thumbnail to download PDF)

Click to Download PDFInterview with Comrade Lal Singh, General Secretary of Communist Ghadar Party of India

by Comrade Chandra Bhan, Editor of Mazdoor Ekta Lehar

(Click thumbnail to download PDF)

History of Ghadar PartyA Presentation of Communist Ghadar Party of India

100 years ago Ghadar Party was formed by Indians in the US.It was historic milestone in our anti-colonial struggle.

The goal of this party was to organise a revolution to liberate our motherland from British servitude and establish a free and independent India with equal rights for all. It believed this to be the necessary condition for our people to hold their heads high anywhere in the world.

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