Birth anniversary of Shaheed-E-Azam Bhagat Singh enthusiastically celebrated

Workers, peasants, women and youth pledge to march on the road of revolution

Thousands of workers, peasants, women and youth participated enthusiastically in a mass rally on September 28, 2015, to mark the 109th birth anniversary of Shaheed-E-Azam Bhagat Singh in Kurukshetra, Haryana. The participants came from the different districts of Haryana. Marching in organised detachments, they raised full throated slogans hailing the life and work of Shaheed-e-Azam Bhagat Singh and expressing their determination to carry out the revolutionary transformation from capitalism to socialism. The entire rally site was filled with inspiring quotations from Shaheed Bhagat Singh and other revolutionaries.

The rally was organised by the Shaheed Bhagat Singh Disha Trust. An 18 feet high bronze bust of Shaheed-e-Azam Bhagat Singh was unveiled by Jan Sangharsh Manch, Haryana President Shri Phool Singh Gautam. The installation of this giant bust right on the side of Kurukshetra railway station was an expression of the resolve of the Shaheed Bhagat Singh Disha Trust to mobilise the toiling people of our country in the struggle against capitalism for the triumph of the revolution and socialism.  

The rally culminated in a public meeting which began with a revolutionary song by Shri Somnath Nayak. Jan Sangharsh Manch Vice-President Comrade Sudesh Kumari conducted the proceedings. She called upon Dr. C. D. Sharma to preside over the meeting. She then called upon Shaheed Bhagat Singh Disha Trust President Comrade Shyam Sunder, Jan Sangharsh Manch Haryana state President Shri Phool Singh Gautam, Spokesperson of the Communist Ghadar Party of India, Comrade Prakash Rao, Krantikari Naujwan Sabha leader Amit Chakravarty, Inquilabi Mazdoor Kendra Vice President Nagender, Progressive Organisations of People (POP) leader Battini Srinivasa Rao, Professor Narender Rawat from the Delhi Progressive Forum, Shri Ramnivas Kush from Mazdoor Sahyog Kendra, Shramjeevi Sangharsh Morcha President Shri Pal Singh, Nirman Karya Mazdoor-Mistri Union General Secretary Shri Bhagwat Swaroop Sharma, Samtamulak Mahila Sangthan Convenor Dr. Suneeta Tyagi, Students Organisation for Socialist Democracy (SOSD) Cconvenor Kavita Vidrohi and National Confederation of Dalit Organisations (NACDOR) leader Shri Suresh Taank to take their seats on the dais.

In her inaugural speech, Comrade Sudesh recalled Bhagat Singh's wisdom and foresight when he warned our people that if the capitalists establish their rule after the British leave, then the toilers would be condemned to a life of hell.   People are being given Rs. 2000 salary when you need minimum Rs. 10,000 to live a dignified life. Women are afraid to go out alone after 8 PM. Parties spend crores of rupees in election campaigns and then after getting elected they extract it from the toiling people by raising prices of essential commodities. For getting medical treatment either one has to wait from morning to evening in government hospitals or go to private hospitals to be fleeced. Communal violence is being used to attack the people. The only way forward was to work for revolution.

Speaking on the occasion, the President of the Shaheed Bhagat Singh Disha Trust, Comrade Shyam Sundar pointed out to the significance of installing the bust of Shaheed Bhagat Singh. He emphatically declared that we are not supporters of idol-worshipping just as Bhagat Singh was not, even though he used to carry of picture of Shaheed Kartar Singh Sarabha in his pocket. Those who want to maintain status quo, turn revolutionaries into idols and are satisfied with making some offerings. This memorial of Shaheed-E-Azam is a symbol of revolution for us. Symbols reflect the class struggle. He pointed out that the destruction of the statues of Lenin and Stalin after the collapse of the Soviet Union was an expression of the class struggle waged by the bourgeoisie against the proletariat.  For us, this bust of Shaheed Bhagat Singh is a powerful call to remain committed to the revolution. It is a call to our youth to study and learn from his work. Even on the day he was hung, Bhagat Singh was reading Lenin's book. We have to understand that he is the symbol of struggle for the socialist revolution.

Com. Shyam Sunder explained that society is divided into two main classes – the producers of wealth, and those who loot this wealth. It is the looters who are the rulers today. They are like the amar bel trees that suck the life blood out of the other plants. They want you to believe that your miserable conditions are a result of your deeds in past lives and hope for a better life in your next birth. Bhagat Singh had warned the workers that they should not blame God for their appalling conditions but understand that it was the British rulers who were responsible for their pathetic conditions. In conclusion, he said that Bhagat Singh had not dropped down from the sky. We can all become Bhagat Singhs. We should take inspiration from his life and his high thinking. To carry forward the mission of Bhagat Singh is the real tribute to him.

Comrade Prakash Rao began his address by congratulating the Shaheed Bhagat Singh Disha Trust for organising this fitting tribute to our great martyr on his birth anniversary. He pointed out that throughout British rule there were two trends — the trend of those who fought uncompromisingly to overthrow British colonial rule, and the trend of the collaborators and compromisers with colonial rule. The great Ghadar of 1857 belonged to the first trend. The people who rose up in this Ghadar came together under one banner irrespective of their religious beliefs and declared that the first task was to throw the foreign oppressor out and then to work out what kind of India we should have. They rallied around the clarion call — “Hum hai Iske Maalik, Hindostan Hamara”. The other trend consisted of Tatas, Birlas, Nehrus, the Maharajas of Gwalior, Patiala and others who treacherously collaborated with the British.

A hundred years ago, revolutionaries gave rise to the Hindustan Ghadar Party to overthrow British colonial rule. Kartar Singh Sarabha, Vishnu Ganesh Pingle, Sachhindra Nath Sanyal and numerous other revolutionaries were part of the revolutionary movement. Precisely hundred years ago, the colonialists welcomed Mahatma Gandhi back to India and began to promote Gandhi and his path of compromise with colonial rule as an alternative to the revolutionary path. Later on the revolutionaries formed organisations such as the Hindustan Republican Association. Inspired by the victory of the revolution in the Soviet Union, Shaheed Bhagat Singh transformed the Hindustan Republican Association into the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. On the other hand, there were the parties and organisations, created and nurtured by the colonialists who swore loyalty to the British Crown and divided and diverted the people from the path of revolutionary overthrow of colonial rule. Today, these two trends correspond to those who want an end to the exploitation and oppression of the toilers on the one hand, and those who want to strengthen the existing system and state, prettify it and continue exploitation and oppression of the people, on the other.

Com. Prakash pointed out that it is very important for the working class and toiling masses to differentiate between government and the state. The governments that come to power through elections are nothing more than the management team of the ruling capitalist class. The capitalists change their management teams from time to time, to more effectively implement their agenda. They create the illusion that people's desires can be fulfilled within this system through electing the right party to power. We have to understand that changing governments does not change the class in power. It does not change the state. To end exploitation and oppression, we need to get rid of this state of the exploiters and oppressors.  Comrade Prakash concluded by declaring that all of us who have gathered here are part of the revolutionary trend to which Bhagat Singh belonged and we dedicate ourselves to the success of the great cause of the revolution.

 Comrade Amit Chakravarty said that Shaheed Bhagat Singh had fought against those who were collaborating with the British. He was clear that road of progress was the road of revolution and socialism – a fundamental break with the past. He appreciated the statue of Bhagat Singh as a symbol of the new system that we are all fighting for. He concluded his speech by saying that we have to be as resolute and uncompromising as Shaheed-E-Azam in the fight for our goal of revolution.

Shri Nagendra Singh agreed with the previous speakers about the importance of symbols and said that Shaheed Bhagat Singh lives in the hearts of the people and a symbol of Shaheed Bhagat Singh can become dangerous to the ruling class. He said that in Lahore, people are demanding that the place where Bhagat Singh was hung be called Bhagat Singh Chowk and his statue be installed there, which shows that Bhagat Singh is a symbol of revolution not only in India but in Pakistan also. He quoted from Bhagat Singh's last letter to his father in which he had said that he will rise every morning as the red dawn. Shri Nagendra Singh said that Shaheed Bhagat Singh's ideas for ending all exploitation and discrimination and the creation of a new man, are spreading everywhere as the red dawn.

Prof Narender Singh Rawat said that Shaheed Bhagat Singh was the best symbol to project to inspire the people. He said that the demand for socialism was the need of the times.  He stressed that we have to work among the people, fight for our rights and make people more consciousness.

Shri Battini Sreenivasa Rao of the Progressive Organisations of the People from Andhra Pradesh gave revolutionary greetings on behalf of several organisations that he represented. He said Bhagat Singh had clearly explained that if the representatives of the Indian bourgeoisie replaced the corresponding British officials then it would not make any difference to the conditions of the people. He concluded by emphasising the necessity to change the system.

Shri Phool Singh Gautam emphasized the importance of a revolutionary organisation in bringing out the best in people. He said that working class will have to rise above and unite across caste, religion, color etc. to fight against the fascist forces.

Shri Ramniwas said that the capitalists will not have any problem if Bhagat Singh was turned into an idol for worshipping. However, if you start to implement what he stood for, then all the agencies of the state will hound you like they are hounding the Maruti workers in Gurgaon.

Shri Bhagwat Swaroop Sharma said that this meeting is a fitting reply to the offensive of the ruling class. He said that the statue of Shaheed-E-Azam is a symbol of the fight to eliminate exploitation and oppression. He declared that we are ready to fight and unitedly bring revolution. He concluded his speech with a poem that called upon all sections of the oppressed to rise up in a mighty force for revolution.

Shri Suresh Taank saluted the organisers for spreading Shaheed Bhagat Singh's thoughts among the masses of the people. He said that political parties in this system are working to divide the people. Instead of finding solutions to the problems of the people, they are using caste and religion to divide the people and allow the energies of the youth to be exploited or dissipated through addictions.

Dr. Suneeta Tyagi focussed on attacks of the ruling class on women. Referring to a comment by a ruling class politician, she said that they think of women as objects of entertaining men and contrasted it with Bhagat Singh's attitude towards women. She pledged that we will produce thousands of Bhagat Singh from among us.

Shri Pal Singh called upon the workers to unite and said that the road of class struggle expounded by Shaheed Bhagat Singh was the only way to liberation of the toilers.

Kavita Vidrohi said that like Shaheed-E-Azam Bhagat Singh, she feels that her real relatives are her comrades who are trying to take the work of Bhagat Singh ahead. She concluded by quoting him that the war is on and it will go on until the exploitation is ended.

Dr. C. D. Sharma appreciated all who had taken the time to come and greeted all the guests at this historic event. He said that growing fascism is but the eve of socialist revolution. He appreciated the work done to bring out the revolutionary personality of Shaheed Bhagat Singh. He recounted many contributions of Shaheed Bhagat Singh. After the complete failure of Gandhi's promise of achieving Swaraj in one year, when there was an all-round despondency, it was Bhagat Singh who re-ignited the popular opposition to the British rule. He took inspiration from the Ghadar movement for self-less work, and from the Great October revolution to learn the science of Marxism-Leninism that could guide the path to revolution. The serious study that he started continued till the last day of his life. Bhagat Singh clearly dissociated himself from the cult of violence and said violence has a role only at definite junctures in history. He understood the great importance of both theoretical and practical work.  He said that Bhagat Singh called on the dalits to get organised to fight for social change and then also continue the struggle for economic and political change. Dr. Sharma said that this was the centenary of the Ghadar uprising of 1915 and in two years we will be commemorating the centenary of the great October revolution. He called on everyone to strengthen the fighting unity of all revolutionary forces and advance the struggle.

The meeting ended with slogans hailing the life and work of Shaheed-E-Azam Bhagat Singh and with the determination and enthusiasm in everyone's heart of uniting, organising and making Bhagat Singh's dream come true.

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