US and its allies coordinate their imperialist strategy
Foreign and development ministers of G-7 countries met in London between May 3 and 5. This meeting was part of the preparation for the summit meeting of leaders of these seven countries, which is slated to be held in June.
The G-7 consists of the US, Britain, France, Germany, Japan, Italy and Canada. The US is the leader of the G-7. This meeting of foreign ministers of G-7 countries took place in the aftermath of the election of Joe Biden as President of US, replacing Donald Trump. Therefore, internationally, both allies and adversaries of the US were looking at the meeting from what it revealed in terms of US foreign policy under Biden’s leadership.
It must be noted that soon after assuming office, Biden had announced that the US would rejoin the multilateral Agreement on Climate Change, from which the US had withdrawn during Trump’s Presidency. During his election campaign, Biden had also proposed talks with Iran aimed at signing a new nuclear deal with that country. It may be recalled that in 2015, the US, Iran, Germany, Russia, China, Britain, France and European Union signed a deal which would lift the crippling sanctions imposed by the US and its allies on Iran. In return, Iran agreed to limit its enrichment of nuclear fuel, to serve purely civilian purposes. However, in 2017, US under President Trump unilaterally walked out of this agreement and re-imposed sanctions on Iran.
The G7 foreign ministers’ meeting was aimed at coordinating and working out a common strategy towards various countries and regions wherein inter imperialist rivalry and conflicts are sharpening, including towards Iran, Syria, Libya, Myanmar, Ethiopia and Somalia. For the US, top of the agenda was to isolate and encircle Russia and China. The US used the G7 forum to keep all the other member countries in line, and prevent them from striking separate deals with Russia and China.
Britain, as the current head of the G-7, invited 4 guests to the meeting — India, Australia, South Korea, and South Africa. These 4 countries will also be participating as guests in the upcoming G-7 head of states summit in June. Apart from these, the current head of ASEAN, Brunei, was also invited as a guest. ASEAN consists of 10 member states of South East Asia. The guest list of the G-7 foreign ministers meeting reveals the importance that Anglo-American imperialism is paying to establishing and extending its domination over the Indo Pacific region.
G-7 and Russia
The G-7 foreign ministers demanded that Russia stop interfering in Ukraine and end the “annexation” of Crimea. It accused the Russian government of poisoning an opposition leader and of trying to influence elections in the US and other countries. The government of Belarus, an ally of Russia, was accused of crushing demonstrations by opposition parties. G-7 decided to continue to impose sanctions on Russia.
Ever since the destruction of the Soviet Union and the emergence of Ukraine, Belarus, and other former republics of the Soviet Union as independent countries, the US and its allies have been trying to establish their dictate over these countries. The US openly supported fascist pro US groups in Ukraine to come to power in 2014, after spreading widespread anarchy and violence in the capital Kiev and overthrowing the elected government. This was part of the plan of the US to encircle Russia militarily, by bringing Ukraine into the NATO military alliance. A civil war erupted in Ukraine, which is still continuing. Crimea, which was at that time part of Ukraine, held a referendum and decided to join the Russian Federation. Meanwhile, in Belarus, the US and its allies have been fomenting street demonstrations against the present regime, in order to bring a pro-US regime in that country bordering Russia as well.
Major European capitalist monopolies have been trying to strengthen ties between European Union and Russia, especially in the sphere of energy. But the US has been consistently trying to sabotage the plan of Russia and Germany to set up a pipeline to supply gas from Russia to Germany and Europe through the North Sea. The existing supply route of gas from Russia to Europe passes through Ukraine. The US is deliberately fomenting conflict between EU and Russia to prevent Germany from striking a strategic alliance with Russia.
G-7 and China
The G-7 foreign ministers targeted China for violating the human rights of Uyghurs in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China. Uyghurs are one of the nationalities of China. They also condemned the Chinese government’s crackdown on “democracy” in Hong Kong. The G-7 also spoke about its commitment to “open seas”, defending passage of US war ships in the territorial waters of China, in the name of “freedom of navigation”.
The US and its European allies routinely raise the issue of human rights violations and violation of democracy as a stick to attack those countries which refuse to accept their domination and want to pursue their own economic and political course. The US regards China as the main threat to its position as the dominant imperialist power. To weaken China, it has been openly as well as secretly backing the so called pro-democracy protestors in Hongkong. These protestors have been trained to spread anarchy and violence, organise large scale disturbances and provoke the Chinese government to use military force. So far, the government of China has refused to fall into this trap.
To isolate and encircle China, the US has been trying to build a military alliance in the Asia Pacific including India, Japan, South Korea and Australia. The US is building a strategic military alliance with India and is deliberately instigating India against China.
China has been trying to break the encirclement. It recently signed a major trade deal with the European Union. China has maintained good relations with Italy and a number of EU countries.
One of the principal aims of the G-7 foreign ministers meet was to align all the other G-7 countries with the strategy of US imperialism with respect to China in the Indo-Pacific region. This was also the reason for inviting India, Australia, South Korea and South Africa as “guests” of the G-7.
It is noteworthy that immediately following the end of the G-7 foreign ministers meeting, the European Union announced its decision not to ratify the Comprehensive Agreement for Investment (CAI), signed by Germany with China. This is obviously a victory for the US strategy to weaken Germany, as well as isolate China.
G-7 and Iran
Iran was a major topic of discussion amongst the G-7. There was no condemnation of Israel for attacking an Iranian nuclear facility in April. There was no condemnation of the US for walking out of the Iran nuclear deal and for its repeated attacks on Iranian ships. Instead, Iran was condemned for carrying out nuclear enrichment, for allegedly violating human rights and for waging proxy wars in various countries.
The G-7 discussions on Iran confirmed that there is no change in the anti-Iran policy of the US and its principal European allies. The Biden administration in the US is proposing to negotiate a new nuclear deal with Iran. Simultaneously, it continues to strangulate Iran through economic sanctions, and military encirclement. The course pursued by the US and its allies will only exacerbate the conflicts and tensions in West Asia.
G-7 and Covid vaccine program
The G-7 discussed the present international situation wherein hardly 1% of the vaccines against Covid 19 had been used in the least developed countries of the world. There has been widespread criticism amongst the countries and peoples of the world that the US, Britain and other G-7 countries have been hoarding vaccines, depriving majority of countries and peoples of the world of the vaccines. The US and other G-7 countries criticized Russia and China for using vaccine aid to increase their influence over other countries. The discussion on vaccines showed that the main interest of the G-7 powers is to use vaccine aid as a weapon for advancing their own imperialist interests in rivalry with China and Russia.
The G-7 meeting was an occasion for this group of imperialist powers led by the US to justify their intervention in the internal affairs of various countries of the world and violate their sovereignty in the name of defence of democracy and human rights. The US used the G-7 meeting of foreign ministers to strengthen its domination over this group and to make its other members coordinate their strategies with its own strategy of encircling and weakening Russia and China.
India’s participation in the G-7 meeting is not in the interests of the Indian people or of peace in the region.